Roman gladiators research paper

Gladiator trainees were accorded appropriate medical care given that they were a worthy investment for the wealthy individuals Dunkle Gladiators had body armors that ensured that they were protected as they embarked on fights. It was important for gladiators to be physically protected to minimize physical injuries and pain that could arise from the fights. Weapons that were used by gladiators included swords and Body armors involved shields and helmets. The body armors that were worn by gladiators involved a great level of workmanship. The body armors that were used by gladiators were highly embellished; the amours were highly fancied by audiences that watched the gladiators fight Dunkle If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the SpeedyPaper website, please click below to request its removal:.

Already used you can also find it in your mailbox. Sorry, but it's not possible to copy the text due to security reasons. Enter your email to get this essay sample. Enter your email and we'll send you a properly formatted printable version of this essay right away. Gladiators in Ancient Rome paper. Published: Back to list. English Type of paper:. This essay has been submitted by a student.

This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Explanation of the problem 1. Background information about the problem 1. Thesis statement 2. Recruitment of gladiators Gladiators were either barbarians or men with no moral worth.

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Gladiators as entertainers Games involving gladiators were an opportunity for wealthy individuals in ancient Rome to celebrate birthdays and commemorate important days in their lives. Weapons and body armors used by gladiators Gladiators had body armors that ensured that they were protected as they embarked on fights. Work Cited Dunkle, Roger.

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Roman Gladiators Essay examples

People also read. Free features. Place an order now. Submit your request. Natasha Sheldon wrote in ancienthistoryarchaeology. In the main, gladiators were slaves purchased for their strength by local businessmen. They were trained in troupes and then hired them out to fight in the games. Some gladiators were also free. The gladiator Lucius Raecius Felix was probably a freedman.

Some gladiators were also freeborn. Graffiti in Pompeii records the name of a gladiator Marcus Attilius.

Who were the Roman Gladiators? Essay

His name is not that of a slave and does not indicate he was a freedman, suggesting he signed up to the arena for profit. Indeed, apart from the tombstones of the gladiators, the informal cartoons with accompanying headings, scratched on plastered walls and giving a tally of individual gladiators' records, are the most detailed sources that modern historians have for the careers of these ancient fighters.

Rogues not heroes

One instance records the spectacular start to the career of a certain Marcus Attilius evidently, from his name, a free-born volunteer. As a mere rookie tiro he defeated an old hand, Hilarus, from the troupe owned by the emperor Nero, even though Hilarus had won the special distinction of a wreath no fewer than 13 times. Both Hilarus and Raecius must have fought admirably against Attilius, since each of them was granted a reprieve missio. Contrary to the popular misconception almost all of the gladiators were pagans not Christians. For the most part they were slaves, prisoners of war and criminals who were trained, clothed and fed by men who were hired to supply gladiators by the local magistrates who arranged the competitions.

Convicted criminals could fulfill a potion of their sentence battling it out with other criminals and prisoners of war in the arena. Free men such as soldiers and well-born Romans signed contracts to be gladiators to win fame and prize money. They were subjected to a rigorous training, fed on a high-energy diet, and given expert medical attention. Hence they were an expensive investment, not to be despatched lightly. For a gladiator who died in combat the trainer lanista might charge the sponsor of the fatal spectacle up to a hundred times the cost of a gladiator who survived. Hence it was very much more costly for sponsors to supply the bloodshed that audiences often demanded, although if they did allow a gladiator to be slain it was seen as an indication of their generosity.

Remarkably, some gladiators were not slaves but free-born volunteers.

Roman Gladiators Essay - Words | Bartleby

The chief incentive was probably the down-payment that a volunteer received upon taking the gladiatorial oath. This oath meant that the owner of his troupe had ultimate sanction over the gladiator's life, assimilating him to the status of a slave ie a chattel. But, as long as they did not receive a fee for their participation, such persons would be exempt from the stain of infamia, the legal disability that attached to the practitioners of disreputable professions such as those of gladiators, actors and prostitutes.

Captives always remained the chief source of supply, though it became inadequate as the demand increased. From the time of Sulla, training schools were established in which slaves with or without previous experience in war were fitted for the business. These were naturally slaves of the most intractable and desperate character. Finally, in the late Empire the arena became the last desperate resort of the dissipated and prodigal, and these volunteers were numerous enough to receive as a class the name auctorati.

In order to supply this increasing demand, thousands died miserably in the arena whom only the most glaring injustice could number number in the classes mentioned above. Later, when the supply of real criminals had run short, it was common enough to send to the arena men sentenced for the pettiest offenses, and to trump up charges against the innocent for the same purpose. The persecution of the Christians was largely due to the demand for more gladiators.

So, too, the distinction was lost between actual prisoners of war and peaceful non-combatants; after the fall of Jerusalem all Jews over seventeen years of age were condemned by Titus to work in the mines or fight in the arena. Wars on the border were sometimes waged for the sole purpose of taking men who could be made gladiators; in default of men, women and children were sometimes made to fight. Gladiators often lived in barracks.

A entire gladiator barracks was unearthed in Pompeii, complete with decorated helmets, leg and shoulder guards, shields, and swords that had been discarded by fleeing gladiators. A converted house, it consisted of a central peristyle surrounded by rooms. Graffiti on the pillars of the peristyle informs on the types of gladiators who appeared in Pompeii and how the gladiators themselves saw each other. Besides the well-known fighters such as Thracians, Murmillos and Retinarii net men the House of the Gladiators trained essedarius chariot fighters and eques cavalrymen.

There are also various pieces of graffiti that refer to the popularity of certain gladiators with local women, suggesting that the gladiators at least saw themselves as sex symbols. Eighteen human skeletons were found on the premises as well as that of a horse. The barracks consisted of a kitchen, mess hall, stables and armoury for storing the ceremonial armour and helmets that the gladiators wore in processions. A further set of stairs led below the barracks to an ergastulum or slave prison.

Four more skeletons were found here. They were unchained despite the provision of iron fetters.

Gods and monsters

Membership was constantly fluctuating, as troupes toured the local circuit. Some members survived to reach retirement; new recruits were enlisted, many of them probably unable to understand Latin. Frequently it was a gladiator's fellows who furnished his tombstone, perhaps through membership of a burial society. Yet gladiators must frequently have met their intimate fellows in mortal combat.

Professionalism and the survival instinct would have demanded a merciless display of expertise, inculcated by the gladiator's training. Within a training-school there was a competitive hierarchy of grades paloi through which individuals were promoted. The system meant that combat and heroic prowess were brought right into the urban centres of the Roman empire, whereas real warfare was going on unimaginably far away, on the borders of barbarism.